The Gonville and Caius College Psalter

The Gonville and Caius College Psalter was compiled in the 1970s for the men's voice choir, then adapted for SATB in the 1980s. Its abiding characteristic was having the chants and psalm texts separate, each on ring bindings, such that any chant could be paired with any psalm. The Psalter was too heavy for procession, and since the choir rehearsed in situ anyway, the Psalter remained in each singer's place, having been opened to the required pages (upper and lower) before the service. Each copy of the Psalter belonged to one individual for their time in the choir.

Not every Psalm has a chant matching its number (though overall there are nearly 180 chants), and not every chant has accompanying pointing; it seems both were sourced and added on demand. As we would expect from PAT, the Psalter is no more than 99% serious and solemn; at least two of chants are Tranchell's arrangements of popular tunes, the composers being appropriate anagrams.

The chants are all hand-written with various hands evident, including Tranchell's own; but the vast majority of the SATB versions are, we are told, copied out and presumably transposed by Roy Dickinson (1982; Choral Exhibitioner; Music Part I, History Part II, BA 1985).

Not all of Tranchell's own Anglican chants were included in the final SATB edition, and one PAT chant listed in the index is missing from the two surviving copies (chant 42B).

Photo of the Gonville & Caius Psalter

The Gonville & Caius Psalter page 1

The Psalter begins with a short guide to Psalmody.

The Gonville & Caius Psalter page 2

The Gonville & Caius Psalter page 3

PSALMODY

The Psalms and Canticles should be sung in a deliberate speech-rhythm, pausing momentarily only at punctuation-marks and at the ends of those lines where the sense requires a slight break.

Indications of expression (and of Unison or Harmony for the Choir) are in the left-hand margin. An asterisk * before a line means: Use the second half of the chant if it is a "double" chant (that is, one of four quarters instead of two).

Various indications are given to assist in putting the words to the music:-

A bar-line means: Move onto the next bar of the chant

("And ful/fil / all thy / mind")

A horizontal dash after a bar-line means: Carry the previous syllable into the bar for one note, or for the whole bar if there are no other words in it.

("/ trust / - in / thee")

("/ A/ - /men")

A horizontal dash before the first bar-line of a line means: Omit the corresponding note of the chant and go straight onto the next note.

A dot (not to be confused with a full stop) between words or syllables means: Move onto the next note of the chant.

("Glory / be . to the / Father") 

("/ marvel.lous / things")

A dot under a syllable means: Do not linger on that syllable but pass on quickly.

("the / shadow . ọf / thẹ Ạl/mighty")

Three dots at the end of a line mean: Carry on to the next line without a break.

(He hath not de/spised nor . ab/horred...

   The / low e/state of . the / poor")

An accent over a word means: Stress and, if appropriate, slightly elongate the accented syllable.

("He hath fóunded")

There follows a guide to the association of psalms and chants:

The Gonville & Caius Psalter page 4

The Gonville & Caius Psalter page 5

Separate from the Psalter itself we have an index, compiled by Anthony Groves (Caius 1970). The index relates to the men's voices version, before the final SATB revision of the Psalter, but remains substantially correct. Where the contents of the Psalter differ from the index, the table below endeavours to reflect the Psalter rather than publishing the original index verbatim.

Numerical index of Psalm Chants

No. Composer Original key Type Source according to Psalter Notes
1 J. Goss A Double O.C.B. No.14 in A
2 W. Turner C Single O.C.B. No.64 in C
3 W. Hine G minor Single O.C.B. No.47 in G minor
4 W. Croft A minor Single O.C.B. No.150 in A minor
4B Ross G. S. Hewletson G flat Double "Original in G flat" In PAT's hand, and not in the ATB index of chants
5 K. J. Pye D Double O.C.B. No.107 in D
6 T. H. Webb D Double N.C.Ps No.209 in D
7A R. Alwyn Surplice A Double St. George's Chapel, Windsor, Men's Voices Ms C.B. No.21
7B Anon arr. P. A. Tranchell C Double St. George's Chapel, Windsor, Men's Voices Ms C.B. No.??
8 W. Tucker G Single
9 Dr Alan M. Brown arr. M. Neary rearr. P. A. Tranchell B flat Double not in the ATB index of chants
11 G. M. Garrett D Single O.C.B. No.6 in D
12 P. A. Tranchell E minor Double Variation for Gloria. Dated 1970.
12B P. A. Tranchell C minor Quadruple Score here First half and Gloria same as chant 12.
13 G. A. Macfarren A minor Single O.C.B. No.219 in A minor
14 J. Turle C minor Double N.C.P. No.112 in D minor; O.C.B. No.94 in C minor
15 E. F. Rimbault D Single O.C.B. No.9 in D
16 Dr J. Camidge E Double N.C.P. No.219 in E
16B P. A. Tranchell F Double Score here
17 W. Morley D minor Double N.C.P. No.135 in D minor; O.C.B. No.290 in D minor
18 A. E. Walker G Double O.C.B. No.77 in G
19 W. Russell D Double O.C.B. No.44 in D
20 J. Turle F Single O.C.B. No.112 in F
21 W. Boyce D Double N.C.P. No.97 in D
21A M. W. Scot-Higson D minor Double Score here
22A M. Camidge D minor Double
22B M. Camidge D major Double O.C.B. No.144 in D
22C E. J. Hopkins B minor Double B.Ps. No.57 in B minor
22D E. J. Hopkins B major Double B.Ps. No.57 in B major
23A C. H. Lloyd G flat Single N.C.P. No.145 in G flat
23B H. Walford Davies E Double B.Ps. No.8 in E
24 Sir G. A. Macfarren D Single O.C.B. No.78 in A
25  E. J. Hopkins  C Double O.C.B. No.108 in C
26A A. H. Brewer E flat Double
26B P. A. Tranchell E flat Double   Score here
27 E. J. Chipp E Double
28 W. Bailey (Melody) arr. P. A. Tranchell    E flat Double
29 E.G. Monk C Single
30A,B W. Hawes E Double
31A A. H. Peppin G flat Double
31B J. Stainer E minor Double
32 H. Stonex F minor Double
33 H. J. Gauntlett G Double
34 H. Smart D Double
35 H. Smart A Single
36 J. Battishill C Single
37 C. Teesdale E minor Double
39 H. Smart G minor Double
40 E. J. Hopkins G Double
41 W. Felton F Single
42A S. Wesley G Double
42B P. A. Tranchell F sharp minor Double Missing from the two surviving Psalters
43 J. L. Rogers E flat Double
45 T. A. Walmisly [sic] A Double
46 from Luther C Double
47 T. Attwood D Double
48 J. Stafford Smith G Double
49 T. S. Dupius C Double
50 T. A. Walmisley C Double
51 L. Flintoft E minor Double
54 T. Kelway C Single
56 W. Russell (melody) arr. P. A. Tranchell B flat Double O.C.B. No. 89 in B flat; N.C.P. No. 95 in C major
57 R. Cooke (melody) arr. P. A. Tranchell C Double
61 F. A. G. Ouseley B flat Single
62 S. Wesley E flat Double
63 G. C. Martin A flat Double
65 E. J. Hopkins F Double
66 J. Turle C Double
67A G. M. Garrett G Double
67B G. J. Elvey F Double
68A R. Woodward C Double
68B J. Goss A Double
68C R. Cooke (melody) arr. P. A. Tranchell F Double
69A A. Hollins F minor Double
69B J. Stainer F Double
70 J. Barnby A minor Double
71 H. J. Gauntlett E flat Double
72 T. A. Walmisley B flat Double
73 J. Turle G Double
75A R. Cooke F Double
75B P. A. Tranchell A Double Score here
75D P. A. Tranchell E flat Double Different harmonization of bars 13 & 14
76A G. Thalben-Ball E flat Double
76B T. H. W. Armstrong D flat Triple
77 T. Attwood A flat Double
78 R. P. Goodenough G Double
80 J. Radcliffe E flat Double
81 G. J. Elvey E flat Double
84 E. J. Hopkins (arr. P. Marchbank) F Double
85 W. G. Alcock D flat Double
86 J. Battishill A minor Double
87 G. F. Huntley B flat Double
89 J. Turle F Double
89D P. A. Tranchell E flat minor Double Score here
90 J. Turle E flat Double
91 J. Alcock (melody) (arr. P. A. Tranchell?) D flat Double "source unstated"
92 J. Barnby D flat Double
93 F. A. G. Ouseley D Single
95A E. Elgar G Single
95B M. Greene B flat Single
97 C. Macpherson A Double
98A W. Marsh G Double
98B G. M. Garrett G Double
99 W. Parratt C Double
100 E. C. Bairstow D Double
101 H. Walford Davies C Double
102 C. Macpherson B flat Double
104 G. J. Bennett E flat Double
105A W. H. Havergal G flat Double
105B W. H. Havergal C Double
106 E. Cutler G Double
107A G. J. Elvey B flat Single
107B from J. Foster E major (Caius: E flat minor) Double
108 W. Crotch D minor Double
110A H. S. Oakely G flat Double
110B R. Cooke (melody) (arr. P. A. Tranchell?) F Double
111 G. Thalben-Ball B flat Double
113A W. Patten E flat Double
113B M. G. J. Neary E minor Double
113C M. G. J. Neary E major Double
114 Tonus Peregrinus D minor Single
114B P. A. Tranchell E minor Double P.A.T. Ms in E minor Original was set for ATB
114C P. A. Tranchell G minor Double P.A.T. Ms in E minor Same chant as 114B
115 J. Goss C Double
116 G. Thalben-Ball F Double
118 W. Crotch F Double
119A J. Turle G Double
119B J. Goss E Double
119C S. Elvey F Double
119D T. Attwood G Double
119E G. C. Martin E flat Double
119F I. Atkins F Double
119G E. F. Rimbault B minor Single
119H G. Thalben-Ball G Double
120 R. Cooke G minor Double
121A T. A. Walmisley F Double
121B H. Walford Davies D Double
122 G. C. Martin E flat Double
123 T. A. Walmisley E Double
124 G. Thalben-Ball B flat Double
125 G. C. Martin G minor Double
127 H. Murrill G Double
127B P. A. Tranchell C Quadruple [sic] It's a triple chant. Score here.
128 C. H. H. Parry E flat Double
131 G. Thalben-Ball A flat Single
133 J. Jones A Single
136 M. B. Foster E flat Double
137 S. S. Wesley arr. P. A. S. Hadley F sharp minor Single
138 Trent G Double O.C.B. No. 5 in G maj
139 H. E. Woolridge C sharp minor Double
143A S. S. Wesley C sharp minor Double
143B A. H. Peppin E flat minor Single
144 G. C. Martin A Double
145 J. Corfe (from H. Lawes) B flat Double
146 W. Crotch G Double
148 Earl of Mornington E flat Double N.C.P. No. 85 in E flat maj
149 J. Davy C Double
150 C. V. Stanford C Single
151 I. Hosenburg (arr. A. Mastrani) A flat Double Score here
152 H. S. Oakely F Quadruple
153A C. V. Stanford E flat Double
153B G. J. Higgins E flat Double
154 W. H. Havergal E flat Double
155 J. Turle F Double
156 H. Smart F Double
157 J. Randall D Double
158 G. Hast D Double
159 J. Jones A flat Double
160 T. Tertius Noble C Double
161 W. E. Smith G minor and E flat major Double C.Ps. Magnificat No. 6 in G minor
162 Parisian Tone F Single
163 R. Farrant F Single
164 R. Hayes E flat Single
165 J. Barnby E Single
166 J. Battishill A flat Single
167 W. Felton C minor Single
168 G. Thalben-Ball F Single
169 H. Aldrich A flat Single
170 T. A. Walmisley G Single
171 H. Walford Davies A minor Single
172 J. Stainer D Single